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The “Black Swan” Dancing Controversy Makes No Sense

The “Black Swan” Dancing Controversy Makes No Sense (photo)

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If you saw “Black Swan,” you likely remember the scene, late in the film, when Nina (Natalie Portman) confronts her rival in the ballet company, Lily (Mila Kunis). Nina is the lead in their production of “Swan Lake” but she worries that her director might replace her. Paranoid, hallucinating, and quite mad, she physically attacks Lily in her dressing room to defend her role. The scene is quite deliberately over the top. But given the news that’s been coming out about the backstage world of “Black Swan,” and watching how bitterly real ballet dancers react when the feel mistreated, maybe it wasn’t quite as over the top as initially assumed.

That news, if you’ve missed it so far, is the allegation made by dancer Sarah Lane last Friday in Entertainment Weekly, that she had performed some 95% of the wide shots in which Nina is seen dancing. According to Lane, she did almost all the most complex dance routines for Portman, whose face was then digitally grafted onto her body in post-production to create the illusion that Portman herself was dancing. As she told EW:

“They wanted to create this idea in people’s minds that Natalie was some kind of prodigy or so gifted in dance and really worked so hard to make herself a ballerina in a year and a half for the movie, basically because of the Oscar… It is demeaning to the profession and not just to me. I’ve been doing this for 22 years…. Can you become a concert pianist in a year and a half, even if you’re a movie star?”

In the days that followed, others associated with the film have rushed to defend Portman, who won her first Academy Award for her performance in “Black Swan.” On Saturday, “Black Swan”‘s distributor Fox Searchlight released a statement in which they praised Lane’s double work but asserted that “Natalie herself did most of the dancing featured in the final film.” And just yesterday, director Darren Aronofsky released his own statement:

“I had my editor count shots. There are 139 dance shots in the film. 111 are Natalie Portman untouched. 28 are her dance double Sarah Lane. If you do the math that’s 80% Natalie Portman. What about duration? The shots that feature the double are wide shots and rarely play for longer than one second. There are two complicated longer dance sequences that we used face replacement. Even so, if we were judging by time over 90% would be Natalie Portman.”

Good for Portman. But you know what? Totally irrelevant. Lane could be correct, and Portman would still deserve her Oscar. Why? Because movies are illusions. To create those illusions, filmmakers employ tricks like special effects and doubles. Replacing Lane’s face with Portman via some computer-aided trickery is just a technologically advanced version of a technique done for decades. Audrey Hepburn didn’t sing “I Could Have Danced All Night” in “My Fair Lady.” Natalie Wood didn’t sing “I Feel Pretty” in “West Side Story.” They both had singing doubles; the same double, as a matter of fact. Does that diminish their performances? Maybe in some small way. But that’s Hollywood: hokum and fantasy. If you truly believe Natalie Portman is a ballet dancer because you saw her portray one in “Black Swan,” then you must also believe that she is the queen in a galaxy a long time ago, in a galaxy far, far away because she played one in “Star Wars.” You might also be relieved to learn that Portman did not, in fact, transmogrify into a giant birdwoman for the role, either.

Technically both Lane and Aronofsky could be correct: the 28 shots of Lane could be 28 out of 30 total shots of the kind that Lane described, shots in which Nina’s full body is visible from head to toe. But again, it doesn’t matter. Elizabeth Berkley did her own dancing in “Showgirls;” they didn’t give her an Oscar for it. And with good reason. As beautiful as the dancing in “Black Swan” was, Portman didn’t deserve her Oscar for what she did or didn’t dance, she deserved it for what she did when Nina wasn’t dancing, and for what else she did while she was dancing.

As I wrote in my review of the film last December, most of the ballet scenes in the film play out in close-up. That had a practical purpose — it allowed Portman to perform tougher choreography without having her footwork scrutinized — but it had an emotional one as well. It made the film less about the steps and more about the emotional journey of the character; a stylistic choice perfectly in keeping with the theories of art — that great art is messy and personal and not rote and precise — set forth by the film. Far more than the athletic feats she may or may not have undertaken on stage, Portman convinced us she was Nina with what she did with her face and her body and her eyes and her impassioned performance, all things that no dance double could claim credit for.

I can sympathize with Lane on some level. She worked her entire life to become an extraordinarily talented dancer but she’s receiving a fraction of the attention that a less talented dancer is receiving in the same role. Maybe that isn’t very fair. And that inequity could eat a person up inside. But that sounds an awful lot like the plot of “Black Swan,” doesn’t it? Watch out for those ballet dancers, man. They can be tough.

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Final Countdown

The Best Of The Last

Portlandia Goes Out With A Bang

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The end is near. In mere days Portlandia wraps up its final season, and oh what a season it’s been. Lucky for you, you can watch the entire season right now right here and on the IFC app, including this free episode courtesy of Subaru.

But now, let’s take a moment to look back at some of the new classics Fred and Carrie have so thoughtfully bestowed upon us. (We’ll be looking back through tear-blurred eyes, but you do you.)

Couples Dinner

It’s not that being single sucks, it’s that you suck if you’re single.

Cancel it!

A sketch for anyone who has cancelled more appointments than they’ve kept. Which is everyone.

Forgotten America

This one’s a “Serial” killer…everything both right and wrong about true crime podcasts.

Wedding Planners

The only bad wedding is a boring wedding.

Disaster Hut

It’s only the end of the world if your doomsday kit doesn’t include rosé.

Catch up on Portlandia’s final episodes on demand and at IFC.com

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Rev Up

Your Portlandia Personality Test

The New Portlandia Webseries Is Going Your Way

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Carrie and Fred understand that although we have so much in common, we’re each so beautifully unique and different. To help us navigate those differences, Portlandia has found an easy and honest way to embrace our special selves in the form of a progressive new traffic system: a specific lane for every kind of driver. It’s all in honor of the show’s 8th and final season, and it’s all presented by Subaru.

Ready to find out who you really are? Match your personality to a lane and hop on the expressway to self-understanding.

Lane 10: Trucks Piled With Junk

Your junk is falling out of your trunk. Shake a tail light, people — this lane is for you.

Lane 33: Twins

You’re like a Gemini, but waaaay more pedestrian. Maybe you and a friend just wear the same outfits a lot. Who cares, it’s just twinning enough to make you feel special.

Lane 27: Broken Windows

Bad luck follows you around and everyone knows it. Your proverbial seat is always damp from proverbial rain. Is this the universe telling you to swallow your pride? Yes.

Lane 69: Filthy Cars

You’re all about convenience. Getting your car washed while you drive is a no-brainer.

Lane 43: Newly Divorced Singles

It’s been a while since you’ve driven alone, and you don’t know the rules of the road anymore. What’s too fast? What’s too slow? Are you sending the right signals? Don’t worry, the breakdown lane is nearby if you need it.

Still can’t find a lane to match your personality? Check out all the videos here. And see the final season of Portlandia this spring on IFC.

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Give Back

Last-Minute Holiday Gift Guide

Hits from the '80s are on repeat all Christmas Eve and Day on IFC.

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GIFs via Giphy, Photos via The Everett Collection

It’s the final countdown to Christmas and thanks to IFC’s movie marathon all Christmas Eve and Christmas Day, you can revel in classic ’80s films AND find inspiration for your last-minute gifts. Here are our recommendations, if you need a head start:

Musical Instrument

Great analog entertainment substitute when you refuse to give your kid the Nintendo Switch they’ve been drooling over.

Breakfast In Bed

Any significant other or child would appreciate these Uncle Buck-approved flapjacks. Just make sure you’re not stuck on clean up duty.

Cocktail Supplies

You’ll need them to get through the holidays.

Dance Lessons

So you can learn to shake-shake-shake (unless you know ghosts willing to lend a hand).

Comfy Clothes

With all the holiday meals, there may be some…embigenning.



Get even more great inspiration all Christmas Eve and Day on IFC, and remember…