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Shelf Life: “All Quiet on the Western Front”

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Francois Truffaut once famously said that all war movies are pro-war, because they make the action look exciting. But long before “Saving Private Ryan” and “The Thin Red Line” and even “Paths of Glory,” Lewis Milestone made “All Quiet on the Western Front,” an emphatic antiwar tome that then and perhaps now still ranks among the most powerful ever made. It’s actually hard to imagine, even now, a film which manages not even to honor the sacrifice of soldiers, and instead highlights the pointlessness of war, its physical toll, its psychological impact, and the immediacy of survival that gets forgotten among civilians’ ignorant rhetoric and politicians’ arrogant authority.

With those other, flashier, more conspicuously cinematic or more existential takes on war, Milestone’s film has been largely forgotten, and its legacy certainly wasn’t preserved through the years in which its distributor, Universal Pictures, re-edited the film and changed the director’s original vision. But now that it’s been restored and re-released on Blu-ray, does that version still retain the power that won it awards seven decades ago? We’re determined to find out in this week’s “Shelf Life.”


The Facts

Released April 21, 1930, “All Quiet on the Western Front” was immediately praised in America, but elsewhere in the world it was seen as propagandistic, criticized, and in some countries banned altogether. At the 1930 Academy Awards, however, the film won Best Picture and Best Director for director Milestone, and received nominations for Best Writing and Best Screenplay.

Commercially, the film’s box office haul is not publicly available, but according to IMDB, it earned $3 million in rental revenues opposite its almost $1.5 million budget. It was also re-released multiple times, although in several different formats: upon its re-release in 1939, anti-Nazi statements were read throughout the film, and subsequent versions were substantially recut by Universal, who changed content and musical elements against the wishes of Milestone. Before Milestone passed away in 1980, he requested that his original cut be restored, but it wasn’t until almost two decades later that the United States Library of Congress undertook a detailed restoration. In the meantime, it was added to the National Film Registry in 1990.


What Still Works

As a vivid and specific portrait of the horrors of war, “All Quiet” is a peerless film: from start to finish, it seems to comprehensively depict the perspectives – and subsequent truths – about the fates of young men who go to war. Early in the film, a boys’ high school professor incites his students to enlist and help the war effort, and their reactions vary from determined patriotism to abject terror to simmering resentment; even before the viewer has seen what “war is like” according to the film, there are multiple points of view about how it affects people, publicly and personally.

Once the teenagers head off to war, however, the film chronicles an escalating series of awful incidents, starting with the unpleasantness of their training, which is run by their local postman, now virtually crazed with power. He tortures them simply because he is in charge, and his mistreatment sets a tragic precedent for their subsequent adventures. Just minutes after they are shown arriving at the front, bombs drop on their company, killing dozens, and the survivors struggle to maintain their sanity as explosions ring out around them, and later, when they’re desperate from hunger.

The first big battlefield scene I both a technical and emotional marvel, as it puts the audience in the middle of the action and makes it as disorienting as it must be to actually be there as a soldier. Although the film was released in 1930, it manages to be surprisingly graphic, such as when a soldier reaches the barbed wire in front of the Germans’ fox hole, he’s hit by a bomb, and the only thing left are his hands, still grasping the wire. Later, one of the main characters dies, and he leaves to another soldier a pair of beautiful boots. But rather than the boots being some poignant tribute that gets recalled every few scenes until the end, there’s an immediate sequence in which one soldier after another dons the boots in different battles and dies, ultimately leaving them as an empty trophy on the battlefield.

Towards the end of the film, the main character Paul (Lew Ayres) returns home and reconnects with his family, friends and community members. At home, his mother still worries after him like a child, in a local pub, town leaders and politicians suggest he’s got no perspective on the bigger picture and suggest that he and the remaining soldier fight on despite that plan’s impossibility, and at his old high school, current students, looking more baby-faced than his class, brand him a coward because he discourages them from enlisting, citing how horrible the experience has been. Somehow, the film manages to provide a deeply sympathetic, unjudgmental and yet unflinching portrait of soldiers sent off to war, making Paul less a hero than a tragic figure who knows only too well of the horrors that await him, and the inevitability of succumbing to them.


What Doesn’t Work

While the film shows an early scene in which Paul’s mother frets of his enlistment and his father celebrates it, there’s relatively little in the way of set-up for the character’s family or interests. While this isn’t strictly necessary, the story introduces a few developments during Paul’s leave that do pay off, but because of the film’s laserlike focus on war itself, it doesn’t make much of an effort to show who these boys really were before they left, and/ or what they left behind.


The Verdict

“All Quiet on the Western Front” is a film I admit I’d never seen before, but it now ranks among my all-time favorite war films, mostly because it is staunchly, consistently, brilliantly antiwar. And by that, I mean, not as a political point of view I share, but as a concept that’s executed; although Saving Private Ryan, which was deeply influenced by this film, always faithfully depicts the horror of the battlefield, it has a sense of sentimentality that always reminds viewers that what the soldiers are doing is noble and respectable. Milestone’s film doesn’t disrespect soldiers and their sacrifices by any means, but it also never portrays war with any sense of glory or virtue, and in fact emphasizes the pointlessness of waging war, sending young men off to their deaths, for any reason. And ultimately, its decision to depict this from the point of view of German soldiers in WWI is something of a master stroke, knowingly or not, because it truly allows audiences to see the universality of its condemnation, and tell its story in a way that forces them to identify and care for the people on screen regardless of their nationality, political affiliation, or philosophical disposition. In short, “All Quiet on the Western Front” is an epic tragedy, and one in which we are all complicit, by our very natures.

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Hard Out

Comedy From The Closet

Janice and Jeffrey Available Now On IFC's Comedy Crib

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She’s been referred to as “the love child of Amy Sedaris and Tracy Ullman,” and he’s a self-described “Italian who knows how to cook a great spaghetti alla carbonara.” They’re Mollie Merkel and Matteo Lane, prolific indie comedians who blended their robust creative juices to bring us the new Comedy Crib series Janice and Jeffrey. Mollie and Matteo took time to answer our probing questions about their series and themselves. Here’s a taste.

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IFC: How would you describe Janice and Jeffrey to a fancy network executive you met in an elevator?

Mollie & Matteo: Janice and Jeffrey is about a married couple experiencing intimacy issues but who don’t have a clue it’s because they are gay. Their oblivion makes them even more endearing.  Their total lack of awareness provides for a buffet of comedy.

IFC: What’s your origin story? How did you two people meet and how long have you been working together?

Mollie: We met at a dive bar in Wrigley Field Chicago. It was a show called Entertaining Julie… It was a cool variety scene with lots of talented people. I was doing Janice one night and Matteo was doing an impression of Liza Minnelli. We sort of just fell in love with each other’s… ACT! Matteo made the first move and told me how much he loved Janice and I drove home feeling like I just met someone really special.

IFC: How would Janice describe Jeffrey?

Mollie: “He can paint, cook homemade Bolognese, and sing Opera. Not to mention he has a great body. He makes me feel empowered and free. He doesn’t suffocate me with attention so our love has room to breath.”

IFC: How would Jeffrey describe Janice?

Matteo: “Like a Ford. Built to last.”

IFC: Why do you think the world is ready for this series?

Mollie & Matteo: Our current political world is mirroring and reflecting this belief that homosexuality is wrong. So what better time for satire. Everyone is so pro gay and equal rights, which is of course what we want, too. But no one is looking at middle America and people actually in the closet. No one is saying, hey this is really painful and tragic, and sitting with that. Having compassion but providing the desperate relief of laughter…This seemed like the healthiest, best way to “fight” the gay rights “fight”.

IFC: Hummus is hilarious. Why is it so funny?

Mollie: It just seems like something people take really seriously, which is funny to me. I started to see it in a lot of lesbians’ refrigerators at a time. It’s like observing a lesbian in a comfortable shoe. It’s a language we speak. Pass the Hummus. Turn on the Indigo Girls would ya?

See the whole season of Janice and Jeffrey right now on IFC’s Comedy Crib.

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Die Hard Dads

Inspiration For Die Hard Dads

Die Hard is on IFC all Father's Day Long

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Photo Credit: Everett Collection, GIPHY

Yippee ki-yay, everybody! It’s time to celebrate the those most literal of mother-effers: dads!

And just in case the title of this post left anything to the imagination, IFC is giving dads balls-to-the-wall ’80s treatment with a glorious marathon of action trailblazer Die Hard.

There are so many things we could say about Die Hard. We could talk about how it was comedian Bruce Willis’s first foray into action flicks, or Alan Rickman’s big screen debut. But dads don’t give a sh!t about that stuff.

No, dads just want to fantasize that they could be deathproof quip factory John McClane in their own mundane lives. So while you celebrate the fathers in your life, consider how John McClane would respond to these traditional “dad” moments…

Wedding Toasts

Dads always struggle to find the right words of welcome to extend to new family. John McClane, on the other hand, is the master of inclusivity.
Die Hard wedding

Using Public Restrooms

While nine out of ten dads would rather die than use a disgusting public bathroom, McClane isn’t bothered one bit. So long as he can fit a bloody foot in the sink, he’s G2G.
Die Hard restroom

Awkward Dancing

Because every dad needs a signature move.
Die Hard dance

Writing Thank You Notes

It can be hard for dads to express gratitude. Not only can McClane articulate his thanks, he makes it feel personal.
Die Hard thank you

Valentine’s Day

How would John McClane say “I heart you” in a way that ain’t cliche? The image speaks for itself.
Die Hard valentines

Shopping

The only thing most dads hate more than shopping is fielding eleventh-hour phone calls with additional items for the list. But does McClane throw a typical man-tantrum? Nope. He finds the words to express his feelings like a goddam adult.
Die Hard thank you

Last Minute Errands

John McClane knows when a fight isn’t worth fighting.
Die Hard errands

Sneaking Out Of The Office Early

What is this, high school? Make a real exit, dads.
Die Hard office

Think you or your dad could stand to be more like Bruce? Role model fodder abounds in the Die Hard marathon all Father’s Day long on IFC.

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Founding Farters

Know Your Nerd History

Revenge of the Nerds is on IFC.

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Photo Credit: Everett Collection, GIFs via Giphy

That we live in the heyday of nerds is no hot secret. Scientists are celebrities, musicians are robots and late night hosts can recite every word of the Silmarillion. It’s too easy to think that it’s always been this way. But the truth is we owe much to our nerd forebearers who toiled through the jock-filled ’80s so that we might take over the world.

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Our humble beginnings are perhaps best captured in iconic ’80s romp Revenge of the Nerds. Like the founding fathers of our Country, the titular nerds rose above their circumstances to culturally pave the way for every Colbert and deGrasse Tyson that we know and love today.

To make sure you’re in the know about our very important cultural roots, here’s a quick download of the vengeful nerds without whom our shameful stereotypes might never have evolved.

Lewis Skolnick

The George Washington of nerds whose unflappable optimism – even in the face of humiliating self-awareness – basically gave birth to the Geek Pride movement.

Gilbert Lowe

OK, this guy is wet blanket, but an important wet blanket. Think Aaron Burr to Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Hamilton. His glass-mostly-empty attitude is a galvanizing force for Lewis. Who knows if Lewis could have kept up his optimism without Lowe’s Debbie-Downer outlook?

Arnold Poindexter

A music nerd who, after a soft start (inside joke, you’ll get it later), came out of his shell and let his passion lead instead of his anxiety. If you played an instrument (specifically, electric violin), and you were a nerd, this was your patron saint.

Booger

A sex-loving, blunt-smoking, nose-picking guitar hero. If you don’t think he sounds like a classic nerd, you’re absolutely right. And that’s the whole point. Along with Lamar, he simultaneously expanded the definition of nerd and gave pre-existing nerds a twisted sort of cred by association.

Lamar Latrell

Black, gay, and a crazy good breakdancer. In other words, a total groundbreaker. He proved to the world that nerds don’t have a single mold, but are simply outcasts waiting for their moment.

Ogre

Exceedingly stupid, this dumbass was monumental because he (in a sequel) leaves the jocks to become a nerd. Totally unheard of back then. Now all jocks are basically nerds.

Well, there they are. Never forget that we stand on their shoulders.

Revenge of the Nerds is on IFC all month long.

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