Countdown to Top Ten 2K11: “The Arbor”

Countdown to Top Ten 2K11: “The Arbor” (photo)

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Countdown to Top Ten 2K11 is a column with one simple goal: to help you decide what films you need to see before making your end of the year top ten list. Each installment features my thoughts on a critically acclaimed 2011 movie, a sampling of other critics’ reactions, the odds of the film making my own list, and the reasons why it might make yours.

This time we’re covering “The Arbor,” an unusual blend of documentary and fiction techniques. But is it more than the sum of its unique formal parts? Let’s find out.

Movie: “The Arbor”
Director: Clio Barnard
Rotten Tomatoes Score: 95%
Plot Synopsis: A documentary about the life of English playwright Andrea Dunbar, who died at the young age of 29, and the children she left behind.
What the Critics Said: “Ingenious,” Scott Tobias, The A.V. Club
“Tough, worthy stuff,” Joshua Rothkopf, Time Out New York
“Make[s] us wonder if the art was worth the suffering,” Anthony Lane, The New Yorker
Were They Right? Yes, there is art here. And suffering, too. “The Arbor” may not be the best movie of 2011, but it might the best movie you won’t want to see again anytime soon. It’s in the great tradition of movies like Darren Aronofsky’s “Requiem for a Dream” or Terry Zwigoff’s “Crumb” — great films that are almost too brutal for their own good, and certainly too brutal to sit through multiple times.

Actually, “Crumb” is a good point of comparison: both films are portraits of artists and their deeply dysfunctional families, along with the coping mechanisms developed by siblings to deal with the abuse or neglect of their booze and drug addicted parents. In this case, the artist is Andrea Dunbar, a kid from the mean streets of Northern England. Her first highly autobiographical play, “The Arbor,” was written when Dunbar was just fifteen years old; it went on to play the Royal Court Theatre in London. Her second play, “Rita Sue and Bob Too,” was turned into a film by Alan Clarke. But success didn’t solve Dunbar’s personal problems; she descended into alcoholism and died of a brain hemorrhage before she reached the age of 30, leaving behind three children fathered by three different men. One of those kids, Lorraine, would grow into an equally troubled woman, with her own addiction and parenting problems. One life that sad would make any film troubling. “The Arbor” has two of them.

What separates “The Arbor” from other effed up family docs like “Crumb” is its use of an unorthodox technique called “verbatim theater:” actors play the subjects of the documentary, lip-synching to audio recordings the real subjects gave during interviews with director Clio Barnard. So instead of seeing Lorraine talk about her heroin abuse, we see an actress (Manjinder Virk) mouthing Lorraine’s words precisely, down to the last breath, pause, and stutter. It sounds potentially distracting because you expect you’ll be focusing all your attention on the accuracy of the lip-synching. But in action the effect is surprisingly immersive: verbatim theater opens up the visual side of the documentary format and allows for a more poetic interpretation of the events. Instead of a series of bland sitdown interviews, the actors, shot on location in Dunbar’s hometown of Bradford, are free to address the camera directly or to look away when they’re embarrassed or contemplative. It makes you feel more like a participant than an observer, and it draws you even deeper into the drama.

Barnard also splices in old documentary footage of the real Dunbar and her family and stages scenes from Dunbar’s “The Arbor” in the open air square in the middle of Bradford, where the town’s current residents and some of the lip-synching actors gather to watch in the background. Dunbar used the form of a fictional play to tell true stories of her life and her community. Barnard uses verbatim theater to do much the same thing on film: the people we’re seeing are actors, the setups and angles are carefully composed, but the stories are 100% real. I would not be surprised if Werner Herzog, who admits to occasionally massaging the facts in his own documentaries in order to achieve a higher “ecstatic truth,” would envy the truths “The Arbor” possesses.

Those stories of abuse — drug, sexual, and child — are so gut-wrenching they can be hard to endure, but there is unexpected beauty in “The Arbor” too, particularly in the sight of the actors as they wander the streets and houses of modern Bradford like spirits haunting the current residents. Though the actors don’t technically speak a word, their performances are outstanding, with Virk especially devastating as the traumatized, world-weary Lorraine. Can a performance in a “documentary” win an Oscar? Probably not, but in this case, maybe it should.

Was the art worth the suffering in the case of Andrea Dunbar? I don’t know. But in the case of “The Arbor,” the suffering is worth it to appreciate the art.

Worthy of an Oscar Nomination For: Best Documentary, Best Supporting Actress (Manjinder Virk)
Chances of Making My Top Ten: Almost as good as the chances of me running into the other room and hugging my wife and telling her I love her after surviving the emotional ringer that is this movie.
It Might Make Your Top Ten List If: you’re interested in documentaries as an art form; you’re not put off by grim tales of bad junkie behavior; you like British accents that are so thick they come with their own subtitles.

Previously in Countdown to Top Ten 2K11
“Cold Weather,” directed by Aaron Katz
“Meek’s Cutoff,” directed by Kelly Reichardt
“Margin Call,” directed by J.C. Chandor
“Bill Cunningham New York,” directed by Richard Press
“Hanna,” directed by Joe Wright

Have a movie you wanted covered in a future installment of Countdown to Top Ten 2K11? Let me know on Twitter.

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Hard Out

Comedy From The Closet

Janice and Jeffrey Available Now On IFC's Comedy Crib

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She’s been referred to as “the love child of Amy Sedaris and Tracy Ullman,” and he’s a self-described “Italian who knows how to cook a great spaghetti alla carbonara.” They’re Mollie Merkel and Matteo Lane, prolific indie comedians who blended their robust creative juices to bring us the new Comedy Crib series Janice and Jeffrey. Mollie and Matteo took time to answer our probing questions about their series and themselves. Here’s a taste.


IFC: How would you describe Janice and Jeffrey to a fancy network executive you met in an elevator?

Mollie & Matteo: Janice and Jeffrey is about a married couple experiencing intimacy issues but who don’t have a clue it’s because they are gay. Their oblivion makes them even more endearing.  Their total lack of awareness provides for a buffet of comedy.

IFC: What’s your origin story? How did you two people meet and how long have you been working together?

Mollie: We met at a dive bar in Wrigley Field Chicago. It was a show called Entertaining Julie… It was a cool variety scene with lots of talented people. I was doing Janice one night and Matteo was doing an impression of Liza Minnelli. We sort of just fell in love with each other’s… ACT! Matteo made the first move and told me how much he loved Janice and I drove home feeling like I just met someone really special.

IFC: How would Janice describe Jeffrey?

Mollie: “He can paint, cook homemade Bolognese, and sing Opera. Not to mention he has a great body. He makes me feel empowered and free. He doesn’t suffocate me with attention so our love has room to breath.”

IFC: How would Jeffrey describe Janice?

Matteo: “Like a Ford. Built to last.”

IFC: Why do you think the world is ready for this series?

Mollie & Matteo: Our current political world is mirroring and reflecting this belief that homosexuality is wrong. So what better time for satire. Everyone is so pro gay and equal rights, which is of course what we want, too. But no one is looking at middle America and people actually in the closet. No one is saying, hey this is really painful and tragic, and sitting with that. Having compassion but providing the desperate relief of laughter…This seemed like the healthiest, best way to “fight” the gay rights “fight”.

IFC: Hummus is hilarious. Why is it so funny?

Mollie: It just seems like something people take really seriously, which is funny to me. I started to see it in a lot of lesbians’ refrigerators at a time. It’s like observing a lesbian in a comfortable shoe. It’s a language we speak. Pass the Hummus. Turn on the Indigo Girls would ya?

See the whole season of Janice and Jeffrey right now on IFC’s Comedy Crib.

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Die Hard Dads

Inspiration For Die Hard Dads

Die Hard is on IFC all Father's Day Long

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Photo Credit: Everett Collection, GIPHY

Yippee ki-yay, everybody! It’s time to celebrate the those most literal of mother-effers: dads!

And just in case the title of this post left anything to the imagination, IFC is giving dads balls-to-the-wall ’80s treatment with a glorious marathon of action trailblazer Die Hard.

There are so many things we could say about Die Hard. We could talk about how it was comedian Bruce Willis’s first foray into action flicks, or Alan Rickman’s big screen debut. But dads don’t give a sh!t about that stuff.

No, dads just want to fantasize that they could be deathproof quip factory John McClane in their own mundane lives. So while you celebrate the fathers in your life, consider how John McClane would respond to these traditional “dad” moments…

Wedding Toasts

Dads always struggle to find the right words of welcome to extend to new family. John McClane, on the other hand, is the master of inclusivity.
Die Hard wedding

Using Public Restrooms

While nine out of ten dads would rather die than use a disgusting public bathroom, McClane isn’t bothered one bit. So long as he can fit a bloody foot in the sink, he’s G2G.
Die Hard restroom

Awkward Dancing

Because every dad needs a signature move.
Die Hard dance

Writing Thank You Notes

It can be hard for dads to express gratitude. Not only can McClane articulate his thanks, he makes it feel personal.
Die Hard thank you

Valentine’s Day

How would John McClane say “I heart you” in a way that ain’t cliche? The image speaks for itself.
Die Hard valentines


The only thing most dads hate more than shopping is fielding eleventh-hour phone calls with additional items for the list. But does McClane throw a typical man-tantrum? Nope. He finds the words to express his feelings like a goddam adult.
Die Hard thank you

Last Minute Errands

John McClane knows when a fight isn’t worth fighting.
Die Hard errands

Sneaking Out Of The Office Early

What is this, high school? Make a real exit, dads.
Die Hard office

Think you or your dad could stand to be more like Bruce? Role model fodder abounds in the Die Hard marathon all Father’s Day long on IFC.

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Founding Farters

Know Your Nerd History

Revenge of the Nerds is on IFC.

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Photo Credit: Everett Collection, GIFs via Giphy

That we live in the heyday of nerds is no hot secret. Scientists are celebrities, musicians are robots and late night hosts can recite every word of the Silmarillion. It’s too easy to think that it’s always been this way. But the truth is we owe much to our nerd forebearers who toiled through the jock-filled ’80s so that we might take over the world.


Our humble beginnings are perhaps best captured in iconic ’80s romp Revenge of the Nerds. Like the founding fathers of our Country, the titular nerds rose above their circumstances to culturally pave the way for every Colbert and deGrasse Tyson that we know and love today.

To make sure you’re in the know about our very important cultural roots, here’s a quick download of the vengeful nerds without whom our shameful stereotypes might never have evolved.

Lewis Skolnick

The George Washington of nerds whose unflappable optimism – even in the face of humiliating self-awareness – basically gave birth to the Geek Pride movement.

Gilbert Lowe

OK, this guy is wet blanket, but an important wet blanket. Think Aaron Burr to Lin-Manuel Miranda’s Hamilton. His glass-mostly-empty attitude is a galvanizing force for Lewis. Who knows if Lewis could have kept up his optimism without Lowe’s Debbie-Downer outlook?

Arnold Poindexter

A music nerd who, after a soft start (inside joke, you’ll get it later), came out of his shell and let his passion lead instead of his anxiety. If you played an instrument (specifically, electric violin), and you were a nerd, this was your patron saint.


A sex-loving, blunt-smoking, nose-picking guitar hero. If you don’t think he sounds like a classic nerd, you’re absolutely right. And that’s the whole point. Along with Lamar, he simultaneously expanded the definition of nerd and gave pre-existing nerds a twisted sort of cred by association.

Lamar Latrell

Black, gay, and a crazy good breakdancer. In other words, a total groundbreaker. He proved to the world that nerds don’t have a single mold, but are simply outcasts waiting for their moment.


Exceedingly stupid, this dumbass was monumental because he (in a sequel) leaves the jocks to become a nerd. Totally unheard of back then. Now all jocks are basically nerds.

Well, there they are. Never forget that we stand on their shoulders.

Revenge of the Nerds is on IFC all month long.

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