Projecting the Future of Movies at 48 Frames Per Second

Projecting the Future of Movies at 48 Frames Per Second (photo)

Posted by on

Last night, director Peter Jackson posted a note to his Facebook page entitled “48 Frames Per Second” explaining why he is shooting his upcoming film “The Hobbit” at that frame rate, which is twice the decades old industry standard of 24 fps. Here is an excerpt:

“The key thing to understand is that this process requires both shooting and projecting at 48 fps, rather than the usual 24 fps (films have been shot at 24 frames per second since the late 1920’s). So the result looks like normal speed, but the image has hugely enhanced clarity and smoothness. Looking at 24 frames every second may seem ok–and we’ve all seen thousands of films like this over the last 90 years–but there is often quite a lot of blur in each frame, during fast movements, and if the camera is moving around quickly, the image can judder or ‘strobe.’

Shooting and projecting at 48 fps does a lot to get rid of these issues. It looks much more lifelike, and it is much easier to watch, especially in 3-D… Originally, 24 fps was chosen based on the technical requirements of the early sound era… They would have settled on the minimum speed because of the cost of the film stock. 35mm film is expensive, and the cost per foot (to buy the negative stock, develop it and print it), has been a fairly significant part of any film budget. So we have lived with 24 fps for 9 decades–not because it’s the best film speed (it’s not by any stretch), but because it was the cheapest speed to achieve basic acceptable results back in 1927 or whenever it was adopted.

Actually, if anybody has been on the Star Tours ride at Disneyland, you’ve experienced the life like quality of 60 frames per second. Our new King Kong attraction at Universal Studios also uses 60 fps. Now that the world’s cinemas are moving towards digital projection, and many films are being shot with digital cameras, increasing the frame rate becomes much easier. Most of the new digital projectors are capable of projecting at 48 fps, with only the digital servers needing some firmware upgrades.

Film purists will criticize the lack of blur and strobing artifacts, but all of our crew–many of whom are film purists–are now converts. You get used to this new look very quickly and it becomes a much more lifelike and comfortable viewing experience. It’s similar to the moment when vinyl records were supplanted by digital CDs. There’s no doubt in my mind that we’re heading towards movies being shot and projected at higher frame rates.”

As Jackson says in a portion of his essay that I didn’t copy, “none of this thinking is new.” Since I was a teenager, I’ve been reading Roger Ebert’s testimonials about Maxivision 48, a format that projects film at 48 fps and produces an image that he says is “four times as good as conventional film.” A dozen years later, Ebert’s still writing about Maxivision; his last piece on the subject was just a few months ago in January 2011. If you do a Google search for “Roger Ebert” and “Maxivision” you can find lots of essays on this topic. He believes in that format.

There’s a key difference between Maxivision and what Jackson is doing, though. Jackson is shooting (and apparently plans to project) “The Hobbit” digitally, while Maxivision is a process that still involves passing light through good old-fashioned celluloid. To the best of my knowledge I’ve never seen something projected at 48 fps (I’ve definitely never seen anything projected in Maxivision).

I haven’t been on the new Star Tours or King Kong rides, either, though Jackson’s mentions of them gives me pause. Jackson means to reassure film purists by citing examples they might have already seen and enjoyed of the technology in action. But the comparison only makes me think that the 48 fps revolution is just another way to move cinema one step closer to amusement park rides. And I love amusement park rides. But that’s what I go to amusement parks for. When I go to a movie, I want to see a movie.

Also worrisome is the statement that 48 fps “is much easier to watch, especially in 3-D,” as if he’s throwing good money after bad in an attempt to prolong the latest 3-D craze. In other words, “We’ve committed ourselves to 3-D, we’ve gone out and preached about it as the future of movies, and now we’re coming to grips with the fact that most people hate it, and we’re trying to salvage the situation as best we can.” I happen to like 3-D (in some circumstances) and if 48 fps makes 3-D a more immersive experience, I look forward to it. What I don’t look forward to is theaters charging an upsell on top of an upsell: $12 to see the movie, $15 to see it in 3-D, $20 to see it in 3-D at 48 fps where it will look really good. If Jackson’s note is to be believed, he intends “The Hobbit” to only be projected at 48 fps, but I don’t know that he has a final say in the matter. Even if he does, it may mean customers don’t even get the choice of how much they want to pay to see it. Viewers may only be that most expensive option, take it or leave it.

After reading for so long about 48 fps, I’m genuinely curious for the chance to sample it myself. What I’m more morbidly curious about is what 48 fps means for the future of movies. As multiplexes lose more and more ground to high end home theaters, they have to look for new ways to distinguish their experience. 48 fps could make the theatrical experience exciting again. Or it could just be another price-gouging gimmick.

Watch More

Millennial Wisdom

Charles Speaks For Us All

Get to know Charles, the social media whiz of Brockmire.

Posted by on

He may be an unlikely radio producer Brockmire, but Charles is #1 when it comes to delivering quips that tie a nice little bow on the absurdity of any given situation.

Charles also perfectly captures the jaded outlook of Millennials. Or at least Millennials as mythologized by marketers and news idiots. You know who you are.

Played superbly by Tyrel Jackson Williams, Charles’s quippy nuggets target just about any subject matter, from entry-level jobs in social media (“I plan on getting some experience here, then moving to New York to finally start my life.”) to the ramifications of fictional celebrity hookups (“Drake and Taylor Swift are dating! Albums y’all!”). But where he really nails the whole Millennial POV thing is when he comments on America’s second favorite past-time after type II diabetes: baseball.

Here are a few pearls.

On Baseball’s Lasting Cultural Relevance

“Baseball’s one of those old-timey things you don’t need anymore. Like cursive. Or email.”

On The Dramatic Value Of Double-Headers

“The only thing dumber than playing two boring-ass baseball games in one day is putting a two-hour delay between the boring-ass games.”

On Sartorial Tradition

“Is dressing badly just a thing for baseball, because that would explain his jacket.”

On Baseball, In A Nutshell

“Baseball is a f-cked up sport, and I want you to know it.”

Learn more about Charles in the behind-the-scenes video below.

And if you were born before the late ’80s and want to know what the kids think about Baseball, watch Brockmire Wednesdays at 10P on IFC.

Watch More

Crown Jules

Amanda Peet FTW on Brockmire

Amanda Peet brings it on Brockmire Wednesday at 10P on IFC.

Posted by on
GIFS via Giphy

On Brockmire, Jules is the unexpected yin to Jim Brockmire’s yang. Which is saying a lot, because Brockmire’s yang is way out there. Played by Amanda Peet, Jules is hard-drinking, truth-spewing, baseball-loving…everything Brockmire is, and perhaps what he never expected to encounter in another human.

“We’re the same level of functional alcoholic.”

But Jules takes that commonality and transforms it into something special: a new beginning. A new beginning for failing minor league baseball team “The Frackers”, who suddenly about-face into a winning streak; and a new beginning for Brockmire, whose life gets a jumpstart when Jules lures him back to baseball. As for herself, her unexpected connection with Brockmire gives her own life a surprising and much needed goose.

“You’re a Goddamn Disaster and you’re starting To look good to me.”

This palpable dynamic adds depth and complexity to the narrative and pushes the series far beyond expected comedy. See for yourself in this behind-the-scenes video (and brace yourself for a unforgettable description of Brockmire’s genitals)…

Want more about Amanda Peet? She’s all over the place, and has even penned a recent self-reflective piece in the New York Times.

And of course you can watch the Jim-Jules relationship hysterically unfold in new episodes of Brockmire, every Wednesday at 10PM on IFC.

Watch More

Draught Pick

Sam Adams “Keeps It Brockmire”

All New Brockmire airs Wednesdays at 10P on IFC.

Posted by on

From baseball to beer, Jim Brockmire calls ’em like he sees ’em.


It’s no wonder at all, then, that Sam Adams would reach out to Brockmire to be their shockingly-honest (and inevitably short-term) new spokesperson. Unscripted and unrestrained, he’ll talk straight about Sam—and we’ll take his word. Check out this new testimonial for proof:

See more Brockmire Wednesdays at 10P on IFC, presented by Samuel Adams. Good f***** beer.

Watch More
Powered by ZergNet