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The morality of making movies about the Holocaust.

The morality of making movies about the Holocaust. (photo)

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Bernard-Henri Lévy’s “Shutter Island”/”Inglourious Basterds” op-ed in The Australian has been making the rounds for the last few weeks, jumping from one paper to another. (If you haven’t seen “Shutter Island” and want to go in rasa, stop reading now, though there’s nothing here that isn’t in the first reel.) The editorial, which claims the films display “a real and potentially dangerous revisionism” in their treatment of Nazism and the Holocaust, is mostly bunk, but it does raise an interesting point.

Lévy, a French journalist and philosopher, was recently publicly embarrassed by writing a whole book attacking Kant — based, as it turned out, on satirical writings. So there are reasons besides moral ones as to why Lévy might want to weigh on the truth underlying “Shutter Island”‘s Holocaust passages. It’s certainly a good time to call out someone else for historical ignorance.

Lévy’s only substantive point is that Scorsese (either deliberately or mistakenly) conflates Dachau and Auschwitz visually (“What can one say about the film’s use of images from Dachau confused with those from Auschwitz in casual unawareness, notably the infamous Arbeit Macht Frei sign over the gate? Is it ignorance or wilful confusion?”).

But what’s really bugging him is the long-standing debate about the aesthetics of the Holocaust — what can be shown on-screen without cheapening the magnitude of the event (if anything), and what degree of aestheticization is too much. On this point, he couldn’t be clearer: Lévy’s with Claude Lanzmann, director of the monumental documentary “Shoah,” who declared unambiguously “I am deeply convinced that there is a ban on depiction.”

Fair enough. But that isn’t really Lévy’s stance. Mostly, he’s worried that “Shutter Island” — where the POV of the wavering protagonist could, you know, explain the inaccuracies and conflations — is, like “Inglourious Basterds,” a sign that “Nazism is becoming a new playing field for the amusement of the bad boys of Hollywood.” That’s a more interesting proposition, that the Holocaust isn’t necessarily undepictable, but that it’s certainly not to be toyed with.

03302010_judgmentatnuremberg.jpgWhat unites “Basterds” and “Island” isn’t so much rewriting of history (“Island” doesn’t rewrite it at all) as their insistence on fusing the undeniably pulpy with what’s about as serious a genocide as is known to history — a new development. Hollywood first took notice of the Holocaust with some haunted protagonists (Kirk Douglas on the run in Israel in 1953’s “The Juggler”) and some big productions that yoked seriousness with appropriate running times and a sense that the films in question (“The Diary of Anne Frank,” “Judgment at Nuremberg” and so on) deserved to be applauded just for existing.

The Holocaust film as a genre took a long time to get off the ground it was more likely to exist in the background (like the flashbacks haunting Rod Steiger in “The Pawnbroker”) than as the focus of the running time. But when the Holocaust-as-primary-setting films came, they were not shy of grim footage. Even “Life Is Beautiful” — until recently the most iconoclastic take on the subject — didn’t have the nerve to let its hero escape. At the end, grim history must always be reckoned with as the primary subject.

What’s unnerving about “Basterds” and “Island” (especially the latter) is that there’s really no way to know, going in, how important the Holocaust will be to both of them; the movies don’t announce what should be, theoretically, the Most Important Thing about both films. “Basterds” posits movie-love as a backhanded way of getting revenge. “Shutter Island” goes further in showing how mass genocide could serve as the first triggering trauma for a man who came as close as possible to it without actually being complicit. Both, though, evade responsibility and refuse to stop dead to show the footage you’d normally expect.

03302010_inglourious.jpgThat could be what’s unnerving some, though it’s worth noting — like The Auteurs Danny Kasman did a few weeks ago — that “It wasn’t until the 1950s’ adult cinema that it became widespread and mainstream for movies to be so self-conscious of their own seriousness, and placate the audience with it.” This kind of B-movie-with-a-budget approach to the ultimate in the unrepresentable is long overdue. The alternative isn’t very productive.

If you believe that nothing is unrepresentable (and I kind of have to), far better than this than some weepy violins and a return, again, to the camps. What “Shutter Island” makes vivid, finally, is trauma from another angle; its images are problematic, but indelible precisely because they’re problematic, something no one watching them could be unaware of.

[Photos: “Shutter Island,” Paramount, 2010; “Judgment at Nuremberg,” United Artists, 1961; “Inglourious Basterds,” Weinstein Company, 2009]

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WTF Films

Artfully Off

Celebrity All-Star by Sisters Weekend is available now on IFC's Comedy Crib.

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Sisters Weekend isn’t like other comedy groups. It’s filmmaking collaboration between besties Angelo Balassone, Michael Fails and Kat Tadesco, self-described lace-front addicts with great legs who write, direct, design and produce video sketches and cinematic shorts that are so surreally hilarious that they defy categorization. One such short film, Celebrity All-Star, is the newest addition to IFC’s Comedy Crib. Here’s what they had to say about it in a very personal email interview…


IFC: How would you describe Celebrity All-Star to a fancy network executive you just met in an elevator?

Celebrity All-Star is a short film about an overworked reality TV coordinator struggling to save her one night off after the cast of C-List celebrities she wrangles gets locked out of their hotel rooms.

IFC: How would you describe Celebrity All-Star to a drunk friend of a friend you met in a bar?

Sisters Weekend: It’s this short we made for IFC where a talent coordinator named Karen babysits a bunch of weird c-list celebs who are stuck in a hotel bar. It’s everyone you hate from reality TV under one roof – and that roof leaks because it’s a 2-star hotel. There’s a magician, sexy cowboys, and a guy wearing a belt that sucks up his farts.


IFC: What was the genesis of Celebrity All-Star?

Celebrity All-Star was born from our love of embarrassing celebrities. We love a good c-lister in need of a paycheck! We were really interested in the canned politeness people give off when forced to mingle with strangers. The backstory we created is that the cast of this reality show called “Celebrity All-Star” is in the middle of a mandatory round of “get to know each other” drinks in the hotel bar when the room keys stop working. Shows like Celebrity Ghost Hunters and of course The Surreal Life were of inspo, but we thought it
was funny to keep it really vague what kind of show they’re on, and just focus on everyone’s diva antics after the cameras stop rolling.

IFC: Every celebrity in Celebrity All-Star seems familiar. What real-life pop personalities did you look to for inspiration?

Sisters Weekend: Anyone who is trying to plug their branded merch that no one asked for. We love low-rent celebrity. We did, however, directly reference Kylie Jenner’s turd-raison lip color for our fictional teen celebutante Gibby Kyle (played by Mary Houlihan).


IFC: Celebrity seems disgusting yet desirable. What’s your POV? Do you crave it, hate it, or both?

Sisters Weekend: A lot of people chase fame. If you’re practical, you’ll likely switch to chasing success and if you’re smart, you’ll hopefully switch to chasing happiness. But also, “We need money. We need hits. Hits bring money, money bring power, power bring fame, fame change the game,” Young Thug.


IFC: Who are your comedy idols?

Sisters Weekend: Mike grew up renting “Monty Python” tapes from the library and staying up late to watch 2000’s SNL, Kat was super into Andy Kaufman and “Kids In The Hall” in high school, and Angelo was heavily influenced by “Strangers With Candy” and Anna Faris in the Scary Movie franchise, so, our comedy heroes mesh from all over. But, also we idolize a lot of the people we work with in NY-  Lorelei Ramirez, Erin Markey, Mary Houlihan, who are all in the film, Amy Zimmer, Ana Fabrega, Patti Harrison, Sam Taggart. Geniuses! All of Em!

IFC: What’s your favorite moment from the film?

Sisters Weekend: I mean…seeing Mary Houlihan scream at an insane Pomeranian on an iPad is pretty great.

See Sisters Weekend right now on IFC’s Comedy Crib

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Reality? Check.

Baroness For Life

Baroness von Sketch Show is available for immediate consumption.

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Baroness von Sketch Show is snowballing as people have taken note of its subtle and not-so-subtle skewering of everyday life. The New York Times, W Magazine, and Vogue have heaped on the praise, but IFC had a few more probing questions…

IFC: To varying degrees, your sketches are simply scripted examples of things that actually happen. What makes real life so messed up?

Aurora: Hubris, Ego and Selfish Desires and lack of empathy.

Carolyn: That we’re trapped together in the 3rd Dimension.

Jenn: 1. Other people 2. Other people’s problems 3. Probably something I did.

IFC: A lot of people I know have watched this show and realized, “Dear god, that’s me.” or “Dear god, that’s true.” Why do people have their blinders on?

Aurora: Because most people when you’re in the middle of a situation, you don’t have the perspective to step back and see yourself because you’re caught up in the moment. That’s the job of comedians is to step back and have a self-awareness about these things, not only saying “You’re doing this,” but also, “You’re not the only one doing this.” It’s a delicate balance of making people feel uncomfortable and comforting them at the same time.


IFC: Unlike a lot of popular sketch comedy, your sketches often focus more on group dynamics vs iconic individual characters. Why do you think that is and why is it important?

Meredith: We consider the show to be more based around human dynamics, not so much characters. If anything we’re more attracted to the energy created by people interacting.

Jenn: So much of life is spent trying to work it out with other people, whether it’s at work, at home, trying to commute to work, or even on Facebook it’s pretty hard to escape the group.

IFC: Are there any comedians out there that you feel are just nailing it?

Aurora: I love Key and Peele. I know that their show is done and I’m in denial about it, but they are amazing because there were many times that I would imagine that Keegan Michael Key was in the scene while writing. If I could picture him saying it, I knew it would work. I also kind of have a crush on Jordan Peele and his performance in Big Mouth. Maya Rudolph also just makes everything amazing. Her puberty demon on Big Mouth is flawless. She did an ad for 7th generation tampons that my son, my husband and myself were singing around the house for weeks. If I could even get anything close to her career, I would be happy. I’m also back in love with Rick and Morty. I don’t know if I have a crush on Justin Roiland, I just really love Rick (maybe even more than Morty). I don’t have a crush on Jerry, the dad, but I have a crush on Chris Parnell because he’s so good at being Jerry.



IFC: If you could go back in time and cast yourselves in any sitcom, which would it be and how would it change?

Carolyn: I’d go back in time and cast us in The Partridge Family.  We’d make an excellent family band. We’d have a laugh, break into song and wear ruffled blouses with velvet jackets.  And of course travel to all our gigs on a Mondrian bus. I feel really confident about this choice.

Meredith: Electric Mayhem from The Muppet Show. It wouldn’t change, they were simply perfect, except… maybe a few more vaginas in the band.

Binge the entire first and second seasons of Baroness von Sketch Show now on and the IFC app.

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G.I. Jeez

Stomach Bugs and Prom Dates

E.Coli High is in your gut and on IFC's Comedy Crib.

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Brothers-in-law Kevin Barker and Ben Miller have just made the mother of all Comedy Crib series, in the sense that their Comedy Crib series is a big deal and features a hot mom. Animated, funny, and full of horrible bacteria, the series juxtaposes timeless teen dilemmas and gut-busting GI infections to create a bite-sized narrative that’s both sketchy and captivating. The two sat down, possibly in the same house, to answer some questions for us about the series. Let’s dig in….


IFC: How would you describe E.Coli High to a fancy network executive you just met in an elevator?

BEN: Hi ummm uhh hi ok well its like umm (gets really nervous and blows it)…

KB: It’s like the Super Bowl meets the Oscars.

IFC: How would you describe E.Coli High to a drunk friend of a friend you met in a bar?

BEN: Oh wow, she’s really cute isn’t she? I’d definitely blow that too.

KB: It’s a cartoon that is happening inside your stomach RIGHT NOW, that’s why you feel like you need to throw up.

IFC: What was the genesis of E.Coli High?

KB: I had the idea for years, and when Ben (my brother-in-law, who is a special needs teacher in Philly) began drawing hilarious comics, I recruited him to design characters, animate the series, and do some writing. I’m glad I did, because Ben rules!

BEN: Kevin told me about it in a park and I was like yeah that’s a pretty good idea, but I was just being nice. I thought it was dumb at the time.


IFC: What makes going to proms and dating moms such timeless and oddly-relatable subject matter?

BEN: Since the dawn of time everyone has had at least one friend with a hot mom. It is physically impossible to not at least make a comment about that hot mom.

KB: Who among us hasn’t dated their friend’s mom and levitated tables at a prom?

IFC: Why do you think the world is ready for this series?

BEN: There’s a lot of content now. I don’t think anyone will even notice, but it’d be cool if they did.

KB: A show about talking food poisoning bacteria is basically the same as just watching the news these days TBH.

Watch E.Coli High below and discover more NYTVF selections from years past on IFC’s Comedy Crib.

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